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EAST LAKE CENTRE PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICES

Therapy Modalities

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a therapeutic approach that blends acceptance and mindfulness techniques with commitment and behaviour-change strategies. It focuses on helping people embrace their thoughts, feelings, and emotions rather than suppressing, avoiding, or controlling them. Rather than focusing on what is outside of your control, you’ll instead focus on what you can personally control.

ACT is beneficial for a variety of mental health conditions, including trauma, chronic pain, eating disorders, OCD, anxiety, depression, and stress. It’s also a fundamental tool to improve overall well-being.
With the help of therapy, you’ll gain confidence in your ability to handle thoughts and feelings without needing to control them.

In child therapy:

This form of therapy teaches children to accept their feelings and thoughts without judgement and to take action based on their values rather than their fears. ACT helps children develop psychological flexibility and can be particularly useful for children who are struggling with anxiety or depression. The focus is less on reducing symptoms and more on promoting positive behaviours and experiences.

With Art Therapy, creative expression is used to improve a person’s mental, physical, and emotional well-being. Different types of materials and techniques are used to help an individual express themselves. This may include painting, drawing, sculpting, or putting together collages. As an individual expresses themselves creatively, they are able to work through personal challenges, express their emotions, and gain self-awareness.

Art Therapy is commonly used with children, but may also be used with adolescents and adults. It is particularly helpful if someone has difficulty finding words to express their feelings. It allows the free-flow of unconscious thoughts, which are then expressed creatively. Thus, it’s an effective technique to help externalize feelings and thoughts that are difficult to communicate. Art Therapy can help with processing emotions, improving self-esteem, reducing stress, decreasing anxiety, and developing coping skills. It can also help with connection and communication with others.

Child therapy specific:
Art Therapy uses creative methods to help children express their thoughts and feelings when words are not enough. This could involve drawing, painting, sculpture, or other forms of artistic expression. The child’s artwork can be a gateway to discussion, allowing them to express their feelings indirectly and helping the therapist understand their emotional state.

Attachment-Based Therapy focuses on understanding how the bonds formed early in life impacts emotional health and relationships in later life. It is commonly used for individuals who are experiencing challenges with their interpersonal relationships, have experienced trauma, or struggle with emotional disorders. It can also be used with parents or guardians wanting to strengthen or improve their relationship with their children.

By going back in time, you can gain a better understanding of your behaviour patterns and subconscious attachment styles. You can then work towards redeveloping different patterns using techniques such as cognitive reframing, emotion-focused strategies, and mindfulness.

If you’re ready to form better or healthier interpersonal relationships, gain a better understanding of yourself, reduce anxiety, and increase your capacity to manage emotions, Attachment-Based Therapy may be for you. Click below to book an appointment or free consultation!

CPP is an intervention model for children aged 0-6 who have experienced trauma and/or are experiencing mental health, attachment, and/or behavioural problems. Therapy is based on attachment theory and integrates psychodynamic, developmental, trauma, social learning, and cognitive behavioural theories. Sessions include the child and parent or primary caregiver. The primary goal is to support and strengthen the relationship between a child and his or her caregiver as a way to improve the child’s cognitive, behavioural, and social functioning.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that is focused on helping individuals identify and manage the underlying causes of their mental and emotional struggles. CBT is a highly effective treatment method used to reduce symptoms associated with a range of mental health issues, including depression, anxiety, panic attacks, phobias, eating disorders, and substance abuse. By examining the relationship between thoughts, feelings, and behaviours, CBT can help individuals gain insight into how their thoughts create their feelings and behaviours, thereby empowering them to make lasting changes in their lives.

In child therapy:

CBT helps children understand the link between their thoughts, feelings, and behaviours. It encourages them to identify and challenge negative thought patterns and replace them with healthier, more positive ones. CBT can be especially effective in treating conditions such as anxiety, depression, and ADHD in children.

Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT) is a type of psychotherapy where the focus is on developing self-compassion and positive emotions. CFT brings together numerous techniques including mindfulness, behavioural and cognitive therapy. The purpose is to reduce self-criticism and negative emotions, and increase feelings of warmth, love, and kindness towards yourself and others. CFT can be used for various mental health concerns.

Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT) is a powerful, evidence-based approach to counselling, focused on helping individuals recognize and process their emotions. By exploring underlying patterns of emotion, clients gain insight into their behaviour and the connections between their thoughts, feelings, and actions. EFT is especially beneficial for those struggling with depression, anxiety, trauma, and relationship issues. Through this therapy, clients can learn to express and manage their emotions in a healthy way, resulting in improved mental health and overall wellbeing.

In child therapy:
This approach to therapy is meant to help children and their parents better understand and manage their emotions. It encourages children to express their emotions in a safe and supportive setting, and it teaches them how to identify and respond to their emotional needs in a healthier manner. It can be especially beneficial for children who have experienced trauma or emotional disturbances.

Exposure & Response Prevention (ERP) Therapy is a type of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). It is often used to help individuals with OCD and related conditions. With ERP Therapy, you are exposed to situations or objects that cause a trigger and work towards reducing resulting compulsive or ritualistic behaviours. Similar to Exposure Therapy, you work with a therapist to identify a hierarchy of situations you can be exposed to over time. You start with the least anxiety-provoking situation and work towards exposure to the highest anxiety-provoking situation. When you are exposed to these experiences, you aim to reduce compulsive and ritualistic behaviours and gradually learn to tolerate the discomfort associated with exposure to the feared stimuli.

In child therapy:

ERP is a form of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy that’s often used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in children. The therapy involves gradually exposing the child to the thoughts, images, objects, and situations that make them anxious and preventing the accompanying compulsive behaviour. Over time, this can help children manage their anxiety and reduce their obsessive-compulsive behaviours.

Exposure Therapy is a type of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) intended to help overcome fears and anxieties. To do this, you are gradually exposed to the feared object or situation in a safe and controlled environment. Together with the therapist, you will determine a gradual hierarchy of the feared situations or objects that you work through over time. It is commonly used for anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and PTSD. However, it may be used in other situations. Exposure Therapy can help reduce the intensity of anxiety, improve emotional regulation, and ultimately lead to greater self-esteem.

With Humanistic Therapy, the focus is on what makes an individual unique, their creativity, and strengths. It is a powerful approach to gaining a deeper understanding of oneself and can lead to greater connection, meaning, improved self-esteem, and clarity in making life decisions. It is commonly used to address concerns such as anxiety, depression, stress, and relationship issues.

In Humanistic Therapy, the therapist provides an empathetic and non-judgmental environment to express oneself and explore feelings, thoughts, and behaviours. This can lead to improved self-awareness and personal growth.

If you’re ready to feel more in control of your life and improve your overall well-being, book an appointment!

Interpersonal Therapy is used to improve relationships and social functioning. It uncovers how our social interactions impact our mental health. Interpersonal Therapy is used for individuals going through life transitions or experiencing other concerns such as depression, grief, anxiety, or interpersonal difficulties.

With IPT, a therapist guides the client through their current relationships and social roles to uncover any subconscious problematic interpersonal patterns contributing to distress. The focus is on improving communication skills, learning to express emotions in a positive and effective way, and addressing issues within current relationships.

Mindfulness-Based Therapy is a therapeutic approach that integrates mindfulness and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). It aims to help individuals cultivate awareness and acceptance of their thoughts, emotions, and experiences.

The goal of Mindfulness-Based Therapy is to reduce the distress caused by thoughts, emotions, and experiences to improve overall well-being. The exact approach will depend on your needs and your therapist. However, you will be encouraged to engage in meditation and/or mindfulness practices. This may include breathing exercises, mindful movement, and body scans.

As part of Mindfulness-Based Therapy, you may be asked to work towards identifying and challenging negative thought patterns so you can develop positive coping skills. This modality is used for a variety of mental health concerns, including anxiety, stress, depression, and chronic pain. By creating an increased sense of connection to the self and others, you can experience a greater sense of purpose in life.

Play Therapy is most often used with children and involves using play as a way for children to communicate and express themselves. Kids naturally use play to explore their environment and emotions. Thus, it is a great way to help children express their feelings and work through psychological issues. As part of play therapy, the therapist may use a variety of materials and techniques that are engaging for children. For example, puppets, dolls, art materials, or sand play. It is used in both individual and group settings for various mental health concerns, including anxiety, depression, trauma, and behavioural difficulties, and can be used in individual or group therapy settings.

Psychodynamic Therapy focuses on how unconscious thoughts influence behaviours. During a session, individuals will explore past experiences, emotions, and dreams. The therapist will guide them towards gaining insight into the difficulties that brought them to therapy.

Psychodynamic Therapy can benefit individuals dealing with a broad range of mental health issues, including anxiety, personality disorders, depression, relationship challenges, self-esteem issues, and personal growth challenges.

With increased awareness, the focus shifts to changing behaviours and improving the ability to manage emotions.

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